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Book Title: Educaţia sentimentală|
The author of the book: Gustave Flaubert
Edition: Editura GRUP EDITORIAL ART
Date of issue: 2006
ISBN: No data
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Format files: PDF
The size of the: 9.95 MB
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“Educaţia sentimentală” a lui Flaubert, ultima carte publicată în timpul vieţii acestuia, reprezintă o cronică a unei vieţi care se formează pe fondul pasiunii pentru o femeie, cât şi o cronică a unui timp trecut în care destine întregi erau schimbate de către evenimentele sociale. Acţiunea are loc în Franţa, iar timpul în care se petrece coincide cu Revoluţia de la 1848 şi instaurarea celui de-al Doilea Imperiu , insoţită de motto-ul care stă azi, fixat ca o stampilă permanentă în minţile francezilor: ”Liberte, egalite, fraternite”.
Frederic Moreau, personajul central al operei, îşi cântăreşte ambiţiile şi îşi creează personalitatea insoţit în permanenţă de dorinţa de a avea o singură femeie. Femeia inaccesibilă.
Unul dintre eroii romantici ai literaturii, permanent în căutarea unor idealuri futile, iremediabil superficial în dorinţele sale, constrâns de variabile independente de el, Frederic îşi petrece treizeci de ani din viaţă irosindu-şi sufletul, părăsindu-l în fiecare secundă pe omul care putea să fie, părăsindu-se pe sine. Incapabil să se mulţumească cu lucruri obţinute prea uşor, acesta se află mereu în căutarea de noi aventuri, de idealuri greu sau imposibil de atins, dedicându-şi timpul unei curse nesfârşite la capătul căreia devine evident faptul ca totul este efemer.
Dragostea pentru Madame Arnoux, sau mai degrabă obsesia pe care aceasta, prin indiferenţă reuşeşte să o inculce în mintea lui Frederic, determină o perpetuă ambiţie de a transcende limitele existenţei umane şi sociale. A respinge motivele acestuia ca fiind nedemne, ar însemna să respingem istoria. Pentru că, în final, orice formă ar lua, pasiunea este motorul tuturor acţiunilor umane, fie ele superficiale sau măreţe.
Considerat una dintre cele mai influente opere ale secolului al XIX-lea, romanul a fost apreciat de către scriitori importanţi ai vremii (George Sand, Emile Zola) constituind un punct de plecare şi inspiraţie pentru un număr mare de scriitori contemporani.
O carte despre capcane, despre orbire şi uitare de sine, despre cursa permanentă împotriva propriei persoane, „Educaţia sentimentală” va rămâne veşnic o minune a literaturii, o creaţie singulară în lume şi o lectură obligatorie pentru cititorul universal.
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Read information about the authorGustave Flaubert (December 12, 1821 – May 8, 1880) is counted among the greatest Western novelists. He was born in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, in the Haute-Normandie Region of France.
Flaubert's curious modes of composition favored and were emphasized by these peculiarities. He worked in sullen solitude, sometimes occupying a week in the completion of one page, never satisfied with what he had composed, violently tormenting his brain for the best turn of a phrase, the most absolutely final adjective. It cannot be said that his incessant labors were not rewarded. His private letters show that he was not one of those to whom easy and correct language is naturally given; he gained his extraordinary perfection with the unceasing sweat of his brow. One of the most severe of academic critics admits that in all his works, and in every page of his works, Flaubert may be considered a model of style.
That he was one of the greatest writers who ever lived in France is now commonly admitted, and his greatness principally depends upon the extraordinary vigour and exactitude of his style. Less perhaps than any other writer, not of France, but of modern Europe, Flaubert yields admission to the inexact, the abstract, the vaguely inapt expression which is the bane of ordinary methods of composition. He never allowed a cliché to pass him, never indulgently or wearily went on, leaving behind him a phrase which almost expressed his meaning. Being, as he is, a mixture in almost equal parts of the romanticist and the realist, the marvellous propriety of his style has been helpful to later writers of both schools, of every school. The absolute exactitude with which he adapts his expression to his purpose is seen in all parts of his work, but particularly in the portraits he draws of the figures in his principal romances. The degree and manner in which, since his death, the fame of Flaubert has extended, form an interesting chapter of literary history.
The publication of Madame Bovary in 1857 had been followed by more scandal than admiration; it was not understood at first that this novel was the beginning of something new, the scrupulously truthful portraiture of life. Gradually this aspect of his genius was accepted, and began to crowd out all others. At the time of his death he was famous as a realist, pure and simple. Under this aspect Flaubert exercised an extraordinary influence over Émile de Goncourt, Alphonse Daudet and Zola. But even after the decline of the realistic school Flaubert did not lose prestige; other facets of his genius caught the light. It has been perceived that he was not merely realistic, but real; that his clairvoyance was almost boundless; that he saw certain phenomena more clearly than the best of observers had done. Flaubert is a writer who must always appeal more to other authors than to the world at large, because the art of writing, the indefatigable pursuit of perfect expression, were always before him, and because he hated the lax felicities of improvisation as a disloyalty to the most sacred procedures of the literary artist.
He can be said to have made cynicism into an art-form, as evinced by this observation from 1846:
To be stupid, and selfish, and to have good health are the three requirements for happiness; though if stupidity is lacking, the others are useless.
His Oeuvres Complètes (8 vols., 1885) were printed from the original manuscripts, and included, besides the works mentioned already, the two plays, Le Candidat and Le Château des avurs. Another edition (10 vols.) appeared in 1873–1885. Flaubert's correspondence with George Sand was published in 1884 with an introduction by Guy de Maupassant.
He has been admired or written about by almost every major literary personality of the 20th century, including philosophers such as Pierre Bourdieu. Georges Perec named Sentimental Education as one of his favou
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